Fruit Trees – Introduction
Fruit trees are one of nature’s most popular gifts, and an important part of life for humans and animals of all species around the world. From the time when the first beetle-browed caveman picked up a fallen apple, took a bite, smiled and then looked up to see dozens more growing above him, the bounty of fruit trees have laden our tables on a routine basis.
It can be easily understood that the concept of food merely growing on trees was a welcome one to people whose life and death, literally, revolved around what they could put on their plate. Over time, the cultivation of fruit trees has become a crucial component in agriculture to the point where, combined, it is one of the highest-yield crops in the world today.
There are many benefits to growing fruit trees. The most obvious is that we can eat the fresh fruit that we pick. We can also trade and sell it, earning a tidy profit in many cases. Juices and alcoholic beverages (such as cider) can be made as well, which also happens to be a tremendously profitable industry. Jams and jellies are another notable mention, as are pie fillings and any other recipe that calls for the produce of fruit trees.
The beauty of fruit trees is that many of them live for decades, producing a crop yield every year. You don’t need to replant a tree every growing season, and they require very little maintenance to remain healthy. And, of course, once a tree dies the timber can be used or sold as firewood or building material.
Common Fruit Trees for the Home Garden
There are several varieties of fruit trees that are popular for home growth due to their plentiful yield, shade-giving boughs, and the beautiful appearance their blossoms can lend to your yard. We’ve listed them here so that you can learn which ones are best to plant in your environment.
· Apple. Apple trees might be the most popular of them all, and are definitely one of the most profitable in today’s market. There are thousands of varieties of apple, with most being edible in at least some form. From apple pie to a crisp and juicy snack on a chilly autumn day, these fruit trees are responsible for producing one of the staples of western diet.
There are three major types of apple grown today. Dessert apples are those with the softest pulp and sweetest flavor, and are the ones that you pick up and eat as a snack. Cooking apples are specially-grown varieties that are harder and usually inedible without cooking. Cider apples are too tart to be enjoyed normally, but lend the beverage a rich flavor that dessert apples cannot produce.
Growing these fruit trees in your back yard can provide you with a generous bounty of delicious apples year after year and a beautiful display of delicate white blossoms in the spring. Keep in mind that the time of harvest is the autumn, so any apples that appear in the summer will not be ripe for some time.
· Apricot. The apricot is a popular fruit native to northern China. It spread to Armenia and was eventually cultivated in Europe before being brought to the new world by explorers and settlers. These fruit trees are hardy and can resist cold temperatures, making them a good choice for growth in northern climates.
The fruit is hairless and usually yellow or orange, and very sweet to taste. Dried apricots are a popular snack, and prepared in much the same manner as prunes – with which the apricots are considered related (plum family). The kernels inside of the stone are often very sweet and used as almond substitutes. The popular liquor Amaretto is made with apricot kernels.
· Cherry. One of the favorites of Japan, and known there as sakura, cherry trees are best known for their beautiful blossoms. Although the ornamental and fruit-bearing varieties are actually different types, although both do produce blossoms.
Cherries are an extremely popular snack, and jam or pie filling made from the fruit is often considered a favorite by many. Pure cherry juice, although expensive, is both delicious and healthy.
Fruit Trees – Additional Information
Thanks to the popularity and importance of fruit trees, you can usually find them for sale at the local garden center. They are fairly easy to plant when small; you merely dig a hole of sufficient size to accommodate the existing root structure, and then place the tree within.
Growing fruit trees is fun and can provide delicious results that you and your family will love. You can find out even more information about other varieties online, and can often shop around for seeds or browse local stores to see what types they carry.
With proper care and a little effort, fruit trees can be the most rewarding plants in your entire garden.
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